What is Adenine & Understanding Adenine?

Adenine is one of the nucleobases present in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), genetic information stored in organisms. This is a substance that is often studied in biochemistry because of the many important roles in the body of an organism. It has the chemical formula C5H5N5. This is purine, which means that it is a kind of organic compound consisting of carbon and nitrogen atoms arranged in the form of two rings.

DNA and RNA are extraordinarily important nucleic acids because they contain genetic information that is used for growth, repair, development, and reproduction of all organisms. They each consist of four nucleobases: DNA consists of adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine, RNA consists of the same, but with uracil not thymine.

The arrangement of these nucleic bases determines the exact nature of the genetic code contained in DNA or RNA. Adenine is one of these nucleic bases, so it is most important for the genetic structure of all living organisms.

In DNA, adenine binds only to thymine. It does so with two strong hydrogen bonds, so the bond is hard to break and the code is hard to break. In RNA, adenine bonds with uracil, a certain type of reaction that RNA is involved in supporting uracil for thymine. In both cases, the specific arrangement of nucleobases determines the genetic nature of nucleic acids.

It was originally thought that Adenin was actually vitamin B4. This is not considered a direct part of the family of B vitamins anymore, although some B vitamins can do with binding with varying effects. This is especially true of niacin and riboflavin, which bind with it to form a cofactor, which is needed for some proteins to function properly.

Adenine is not only found in nucleic acids, many different substances, such as some tea blends, actually contain these nucleic bases. It can also form various compounds that are very common in nature and in some foods and drinks. Cobalamim, further commonly referred to as vitamin B12, is actually an adenine compound known for its energy effects and is a natural antidepressant.