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What are the types of vitamins and what are their functions?

Based on the nature of its solubility, vitamins can be divided into two, here is an explanation of the various vitamins and functions for the body Vitamins are organic compounds that the body needs in small amounts, but cannot be replaced by other compounds. Vitamins play a role as regulators that maintain body balance, growth and health.

Vitamins do not produce energy and are directly absorbed by the body, without going through the digestive process. In general, vitamins cannot be synthesized by the body, so it must be obtained from food. The condition of someone who is deficient in vitamins can suffer from deficiency disease or commonly called avitaminosis. Based on its solubility, vitamins can be divided into two, namely water-soluble vitamins (vitamins B and C) and fat-soluble vitamins (Vitamins A, D, E, and K). The following is an explanation of the various vitamins and their functions.

Vitamin B1 (thiamin / aneurin)

Vitamin B1 functions in carbohydrate metabolism, maintains nervous system function, maintains digestive system and appetite. Vitamin B1 deficiency can cause beriberi and edema, loss of appetite, heart and muscle disorders, swelling of neurons. Sources of Vitamin B1 include fiber, yeast, wheat, meat and milk.

Vitamin B2

Vitamin B2 functions to transmit light stimuli, maintain appetite, maintain skin around the mouth. Vitamin B2 deficiency can cause keilosis, cataracts, dermatitis, diarrhea, muscle weakness. Vitamin B2 sources include milk, fish, eggs, liver, meat, yeast, and green vegetables.

Vitamin B3

Vitamin B3 functions for cell growth, together with folate to form coenzymes that play a role in cell respiration. Vitamin B3 deficiency can cause pelagara disease with 3D symptoms (dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia). Sources of Vitamin B3 include milk, fish, eggs and vegetables.

Vitamin B5

Vitamin B5 functions to maintain normal blood sugar levels, a component of coenzyme A that plays a role in the process of cell oxidation. Vitamin B5 deficiency can cause dermatitis. Sources of Vitamin B5 include eggs, meat, milk, fruits, and green vegetables.

Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 functions to maintain the balance of elements K and P in cells, plays a role in the formation of antibodies and some coenzymes. Deficiency can cause skin inflammation and anemia. Sources of vitamin B6 include eggs, meat, milk and green vegetables.

Vitamin B11

Vitamin B11 functions to make coenzymes for the production of erythrocytes, forming nucleic acids for protein synthesis. Deficiency can cause anemia, diarrhea, and megaloblastosis, and stunted growth. Vitamin B11 sources include nuts, yeast, eggs, meat, bananas and green vegetables.

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 functions cell metabolism, tissue growth and formation of erythrocytes. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause fatigue, dizziness, anemia, and nerve inflammation. Sources of Vitamin B12 include meat, milk and yeast.

Vitamin H (biotin)

Vitamin H functions as a coenzyme of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. Deficiency can cause depression and lack of appetite. Source of Vitamin H, nuts and egg yolks.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)

Vitamin C functions as the formation of collagen fibers, accelerate wound healing, maintain tooth adhesion to the gums, maintain the elasticity of blood capillaries, coenzyme reactions in carbohydrate and fat catabolism. Deficiency can cause bleeding in the gums, muscle aches, skin degeneration and scalp. Sources of Vitamin C include oranges, tomatoes, papaya, watermelons and green vegetables.

Vitamin A (retinol)

Vitamin A functions to maintain eye and skin health, for growth of bones and eyes and skin, for tooth growth. Vitamin A deficiency can cause xerophthalmia, night blindness, rough skin, fatigue. Available in fish, eggs, milk, and red or yellow fruits such as carrots and tomatoes.

Vitamin D (ergosterol / calciferol)

Vitamin D serves the absorption of phosphorus and calcium, bone and tooth formation. Vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets, softening bones in adults (osteomalasia). Vitamin D is found in fish oil, milk, eggs and butter.

Vitamin E (tocopherol)

Vitamin E functions to form erythrocytes, reproductive function, prevents oxidation of unsaturated fats. Vitamin E deficiency can cause rupture of erythrocytes, infertility, accumulation of fat in muscles. Sources of Vitamin E include egg yolks, milk, bean sprouts, and green vegetables.

Vitamin K (phytokines)

Vitamin K functions in blood clotting, formation of protombin in the liver. Deficiency can cause blood clots and difficult to clot. Sources of Vitamin K include egg yolks, meat, milk and green vegetables and are produced by Escehrichia coli bacteria in the large intestine.